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Ameerega macero 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Ameerega macero (Rodríguez & Myers, 1993)
Common Name(s):
English Manu Poison Frog
Spanish Rana Venenosa
Synonym(s):
Epipedobates macero Rodríguez & Myers, 1993
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-06-14
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Luedtke, J.
Contributor(s): Gascon, C., Icochea M., J., Reynolds, R. & Gutierrez, R.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Angulo, A. & Jarvis, L.
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population and that it occurs in several protected areas. However, monitoring of illegal harvest and trade levels is needed to ensure that local subpopulations are not being impacted by these activities.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in southeastern and central Peru: in Manu, Urubamba and the Altos Purus River drainages and the Ucayali River drainage; it is also recorded from the Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor and Reserva Extrativista do Alto Juruá, Acre State, Brazil. It can be found between 150 and 1,450 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Brazil; Peru
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):150
Upper elevation limit (metres):1450
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It appears to be a common and widespread species. Ten individuals were found over 10 person/day surveys in 2006 and 2007 (von May et al. 2008).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a species which inhabits lowland tropical moist forest and montane forest; it specifically occurs in bamboo forest. Eggs are laid on land; the adults carry the tadpoles to streams. It is not known if it can occur in degraded habitats.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

This species is subject to illegal export, which indicates that it is being harvested illegally.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is some localized habitat loss due to different human activities such as agriculture (crops and livestock). The species is also subject to illegal harvesting for the pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in Parque Nacional Manu, Machiguenga and Amarakaeri Communal Reserves in Peru and Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor and Reserva Extrativista do Alto Juruá in Brazil. Further research into population trends, ecology and harvest levels affecting this species is needed, as is law enforcement on illegal harvest and export activities.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.1. International level
5. Law & policy -> 5.4. Compliance and enforcement -> 5.4.2. National level

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Rodriguez, L. and Myers, C.W. 1993. A new poison frog from Manu National Park, Southeastern Peru (Dendrobatidae, Epipedobates). American Museum Novitates: 1-15.

Souza, M.B. 2003. Diversidade de Anfíbios nas Unidades de Conservação Ambiental: Reservas Extrativista do Alto Juruá (REAJ) e Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor (PNSD), Acre, Brasil. PhD Thesis, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Biociências de Rio Claro.

von May, R., Catenazzi, A., Angulo, A., Brown, J.L., Carrillo, J., Chávez, G., Córdova, J.H., Curo, A., Delgado, A., Enciso, M.A., Guttiérez, R., Lehr, E., Martínez, J.L., Martina-Müller, M., Miranda, A., Neira, D.R., Ochoa, J.A., Quiroz, A.J., Rodríguez, D.A., Rodríguez, L.O., Salas, A.W., Seimon, T., Seimon, A., Siu-Ting, K., Suárez, J., Torres, C. and Twomey, E. 2008. Current state of conservation knowledge on threatened amphibian species in Peru. Tropical Conservation Science 1(4): 376-396.


Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2014. Ameerega macero. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T55226A43517282. . Downloaded on 26 May 2018.
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