Oophaga speciosa 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Oophaga speciosa
Species Authority: (Schmidt, 1857)
Common Name(s):
English Splendid Poison Frog
Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857
Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857
Oophaga speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-09
Assessor(s): Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in western Panama.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Endangered (EN)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is a Panamanian endemic of the western Cordillera Central adjacent to Costa Rica. It is present at around 1,370m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1370
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species was formerly considered to be common, but its current population status is not known.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a terrestrial species of humid lowland and montane forest, with breeding taking place in plants.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss due to logging and human settlement. It is also subject to collection for the pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from the protected areas of Bosque Protector Palo Seco and Parque Internacional La Amistad. Further research is needed into the current population status of the species, and some form of management or legislation needs to be put in place in order to control the level of offtake for the pet trade.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
0. Root -> 17. Other
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.2. Trade management
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.2. National level

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.1. Roads & railroads
♦ timing: Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
0. Root -> 4. Other

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Edwards, M.W., Daly, J.W. and Myers, C.W. 1988. Alkaloids from a Panamanian poison frog, Dendrobates speciosus: identification of pumiliotoxin-A and allopumiliotoxin class alkaloids, 3,5-disubstituted indolizidines, 5-substituted 8-methylindolizidines, and a 2-methyl-6-nonyl-4 hydroxypiperidine. Journal of Natural Products: 1188-1197.

Ibáñez, R., Solís, F., Jaramillo, C. and Rand, S. 2000. An overview of the herpetology of Panama. In: J.D. Johnson, R.G. Webb and O.A. Flores-Villela (eds), Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation, pp. 159-170. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Jungfer, K.H. 1985. Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857 (Salientia: Dendrobatidae). Salamandra: 263-280.

Myers, C.W., Daly, J.W. and Martinez, V. 1984. An arboreal poison frog (Dendrobates) from western Panama. American Museum of Natural History Novitates: 1-20.

Oostveen, H. 1981. Dendrobatidae from Central America (2). Lacerta: 30-31.

Savage, J.M. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of central America. Copeia: 745-776.

Silverstone, P.A. 1975. A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin: 1-55.

Young, B., Sedaghatkish, G., Roca, E. and Fuenmayor, Q. 1999. El Estatus de la Conservación de la Herpetofauna de Panamá: Resumen del Primer Taller Internacional sobre la Herpetofauna de Panamá. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia.

Citation: Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor. 2010. Oophaga speciosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55201A11264253. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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