Oophaga lehmanni

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA DENDROBATIDAE

Scientific Name: Oophaga lehmanni
Species Authority: (Myers & Daly, 1976)
Common Name(s):
English Lehmann's Poison Frog, Red-banded Poison Frog
Synonym(s):
Dendrobates lehmanni Myers and Daly, 1976
Taxonomic Notes: Lötters (1992b) doubted the distinction of this species from Oophaga histrionica.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, Stefan Lötters
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area Of Occupancy is less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat Choco and Valle del Cauca Departments, Colombia.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known with certainty only from two localities in Colombia on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental: west of Dagua at 850-1,200m on the south-facing versant of the upper Río Anchicayá drainage, Department of Valle del Cauca; and from Alto del Oso near San José del Palmar in the Department of Chocó. Its overall altitudinal range is between 600 and 1,200m asl. Records from the Serrania de Baudo in the Department of Chocó (not mapped) require confirmation.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a locally common species in its tiny range.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives mostly on the ground in submontane tropical rainforests, but it can also be found perching on leaves up to 60cm above ground. It is not found in heavily degraded areas, but does occur in mature secondary forest. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the tadpoles are carried on the backs of the females to bromeliads, where they develop. The females feed the tadpoles on unfertilized eggs.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are habitat loss and degradation, as a result of agricultural development (illegal crops), logging, and human settlement, and pollution, resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It occasionally appears in the illegal pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in the Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.

Bibliography [top]

Bauer, L. 1979. The value of the law is lost. Aquarium: 327-328.

Bechter, R. 1978. 'Das Ei des Kolumbus'. Zur Aufzucht von Dendrobates pumilio und lehmanni. Aquarien Magazin: 272-276.

Fenolio, D. 1994. Natural history and captive husbandry notes on Lehmann's dart-poison frog (Dendrobates lehmanni). Vivarium: 52-54.

Garraffo, H.M., Jain, P., Spande, T.F., Daly, J.W., Jones, T.H., Smith, L.J. and Zottig, V.E. 2001. Structure of alkaloid 275A, a novel 1-azabicyclo(5.3.0)decane from a dendrobatid frog, Dendrobates lehmanni: synthesis of the tetrahydrodiastereomers. Journal of Natural Products: 421-427.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Lötters, S. 1992. Zur Validitat von Dendrobates lehmann Myers & Daly, 1976 aufgrund zweier neuer Farbformen von Dendrobates histrionicus Berthold, 1845. Salamandra: 138-144.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Lötters, S. and Widmer, A. 1997. Bioacoustic comparisons of the advertisement calls of the poison frogs Dendrobates histrionicus and Dendrobates lehmanni from northwestern South America. Herpetologia Bonnensis, Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Bonn.

Lötters, S., Glaw, F., Kohler, J. and Castro, F. 1999. On the geographic variation of the advertisement call of Dendrobates histrionicus Berthold, 1845 and related forms from north-western South America (Anura: Dendrobatidae). Herpetozoa: 23-38.

Myers, C.W. and Daly, J.W. 1976. Preliminary Evaluation of Skin Toxins and vocalization in taxonomic and Evolutionary Studies of Poison Dart Frogs (Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: 177-262.

Myers, C.W., Daly, J.W. and Martinez, V. 1984. An arboreal poison frog (Dendrobates) from western Panama. American Museum of Natural History Novitates: 1-20.

Rueda-Almonacid, J.V. 1999. Anfibios y Reptiles amenazados de extinción en Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas Fisicas y Naturales: 475-497.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Schoop, E. 2002. Dendrobates histrionicus & Co. Langzeit-Zuchterfahrungen im Terrarium. Dendrobates histrionicus & Co. Long term breeding experiences in the terrarium. Aquaristik Fachmagazin and Aquarium Heute: 86-90.

van Dijk, W. 2001. Verzorging en kweek van Dendrobates lehmanni. Care and captive breeding of Dendrobates lehmanni. Aquarium: 224-226.

Zimmermann, H. and Zimmermann, E. 1980. Durch Nachzucht erhalten: Farberfrosche Dendrobates histrionicus und D. lehmanni. Aquarien Magazin: 562-569.

Zimmermann, H. and Zimmermann, E. 1981. Sozialverhalten, Fortpflanzungsverhalten und Zucht der Farberfrosche Dendrobates histrionicus und D. lehmanni sowie einiger anderer Dendrobatiden. Zeitschrift des Koelner Zoo: 83-99.


Citation: Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, Stefan Lötters 2004. Oophaga lehmanni. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 July 2014.
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