Epipedobates machalilla


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Epipedobates machalilla
Species Authority: (Coloma, 1995)
Common Name(s):
Spanish Rana Nodriza De Machalilla
Colostethus machalilla Coloma, 1995

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from more than ten localities in the Pacific lowlands of Ecuador in the provinces of El Oro, Los Ríos, Bolívar, Guayas, Azogues, and Manabí, from 10-515m asl (Parker and Carr 1992; Coloma 1995).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is not an uncommon species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits tropical thicket and thorny scrub and very dry tropical forest (Coloma 1995). It lays its eggs on land, and the larvae are then carried to water by the adults where they develop further.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to the species are agriculture, involving cultivation of crops and rearing of livestock, and logging.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its geographic range overlaps with Parque Nacional Machalilla and the Reserva Ecológica Manglares Churute. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Bibliography [top]

Benitez, M.S. and del Pino, E.M. 2003. La expresion de Brachyury en ranas con modos divergentes de desarrollo. The expression of Brachyury in frogs with different modes of development. Revista de la Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador: 7-14.

Coloma, L.A. 1995. Ecuadorian frogs of the genus Colostethus (Anura: Dendrobatidae). University of Kansas Natural History Museum Miscellaneous Publication 87: 1-72.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Parker III, T.A. and Carr, J.L. 1992. Status of forest remnants in the Cordillera de la Costa and adjacent areas of southwestern Ecuador. RAP Working Papers: 1-172.

Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Epipedobates machalilla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided