|Scientific Name:||Rhinella festae (Peracca, 1904)|
Rhamphophryne festae (Peracca, 1904)
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Juveniles of this species can be confused with juveniles of the Rhinella margaritifera complex, and hence its distribution is poorly known. This might be a species complex (D. Cisneros-Heredia pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Ana Almendáriz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||This species occurs at moderate and low altitudes (from 200-1,700m asl) on the eastern Andean slopes and in the upper Amazon Basin of Ecuador, and in the Cordillera de Cutucú and Cordillera del Condór, in Ecuador and Peru.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is uncommon where it occurs.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is usually found in leaf-litter, and sometimes on low vegetation, in tropical rainforest, and premontane humid forest. There is no information known about breeding habits, although it presumably breeds by direct development like other species in the genus. It does not adapt well to anthropogenic disturbance, and is not known from secondary forest.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats to the species’ habitat are agricultural development, involving both cultivation of crops and livestock grazing, and logging.|
|Conservation Actions:||Its range includes a few protected areas. Taxonomic research is needed to resolve the status of highland populations that might represent a different species.|
Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2003. La herpetofauna de la Estacion de Biodiversidad Tiputini, Provincia de Orellana, Amazonia Ecuador. Mem. 1er Congreso Ecuatatoriano de Ecologia and Ambeinte, Univ. San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
Peracca, M.G. 1904. Rettili ed Amfibii in viaggio del Dr. Enrico Festa nell'Ecuador e regioni vicine. Bolletino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della Università di Torino: 1-41.
Trueb, L. 1971. Phylogenetic relationships of certain Neotropical toads with the description of a new Genus (Anura: Bufonidae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science 216: 1-40.
|Citation:||Ana Almendáriz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron. 2004. Rhinella festae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54876A11205881.Downloaded on 21 March 2018.|
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