Oreophrynella nigra


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Oreophrynella nigra
Species Authority: Señaris, Ayarzaguena and Gorzula, 1994
Common Name(s):
Spanish Sapito Rugoso Del Kukenan

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from only two locations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from Tepuis Kukenan and Yuruaní, in Bolívar State, Venezuela, at 2,300-2,700m asl.
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a diurnal frog that can be found on rocks in montane tepui environments. It is a communally breeding species, with breeding taking place by direct development in galleries within peat bogs.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Although there are no current major threats, its restricted range makes it more susceptible to threatening processes such as wildfire.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is recorded from Yuruaní National Monument. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species given that it is restricted to a single location.

Bibliography [top]

Barrio Amorós, C.L. 2004. Amphibians of Venezuela Systematic List, Distribution and References, An Update. Review of Ecology in Latin America 9(3): 1-48.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

La Marca, E. 1997. Lista actualizada de los anfibios de Venezuela. In: La Marca, E. (ed.), Vertebrados Actuales y Fosiles de Venezuela, pp. 103-120. Museo de Ciencias y Tecnología de Mérida, Mérida.

McDiarmid, R. and Gorzula, S. 1989. Aspects on the reproductive ecology of the tepui toads, genus Oreophrynella (Anura: Bufonidae). Copeia: 445-451.

Señaris, J.C., Ayarsagüena, J. and Gorzula, S. 1994. Los sapos de la familia Bufonidae (Amphibia: Anura) de las tierras altas de la Guayana venezolana: descripción de un nuevo género y tres especies. Publicaciones de la Asociacion Amigos de Doñana: 1-37.

Solano, H. 1989. Aspectos de la biología de Oreophrynella quelchii (Boulenger) en los tepuyes venezolanos. Acta Biologica Venezuelica: 55-63.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris 2004. Oreophrynella nigra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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