|Scientific Name:||Melanophryniscus dorsalis (Mertens, 1933)|
Melanophryniscus stelzneri Gallardo, 1961 ssp. dorsalis
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Vulnerable, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species occurs along the coast of Brazil in Santa Catarina and Rio Grande de Sul states, from 0-20m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It was previously collected rather extensively, but there have only been a few recent collections and the species is believed to have undergone declines in recent years.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs on sand dunes and nearby areas, and reproduces in temporary pools.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to the conversion of habitat for beaches, urbanization, and off-road recreational vehicle use.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in Guarita Municipal Park, but there is a need for improved protection of habitat at other sites at which this species is known to occur.|
Garcia, P.C.A. and Vinciprova, G. 2003. Anfibios. In: Fontana, C., Benck, G. and Reis, R. (eds), Livro vermelho da fauna ameacada de extincao no Rio Grande do Sul, EdPUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
|Citation:||Paulo Garcia. 2004. Melanophryniscus dorsalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54820A11209178.Downloaded on 21 January 2018.|
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