|Scientific Name:||Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882)|
Bufo microtympanum Boulenger, 1882
|Taxonomic Notes:||Several specimens bearing this name, and which are deposited in different museums in India, do not belong to this species (Biju 2001).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Biju, S.D., Dutta, S., Vasudevan, K., Vijayakumar, S.P., Srinivasulu, C. & Dasaramji Buddhe, G.|
|Reviewer(s):||Chanson, J.S., Stuart, S.N. & Cox, N.A.|
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This is a poorly known species that is presumed to be endemic to the southern Western Ghats of India. A record from Maharashtra (Yazdani and Mahabal 1976) requires confirmation. Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda (1998) clarified that it does not occur in Sri Lanka. The altitudinal range is from 1,400-2,100 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a rare species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A terrestrial species associated with montane 'shola' (grassland-forest mosaic) and tropical moist forest habitat; it has not been recorded from modified habitats. It may be found in the vicinity of water bodies, but the breeding habitat is not known.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to the conversion of forested areas to cultivated land (including timber and non-timber plantations), future dam development projects, road construction, and urbanization.|
|Conservation Actions:||It has been recorded from the Kalakkad Mundauthurai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) and Silent Valley National Park (Kerala).|
|Errata reason:||Reformatted names of assessor(s), reviewer(s), contributor(s), facilitator(s) and/or compiler(s). Corrected formatting of units in text.|
Biju, S.D. 2001. A synopsis to the frog fauna of the Western Ghats, India. Occasional Publication 1. ISCB: 1-24.
Chanda, S.K. 2002. Handbook - Indian Amphibians. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.
Dubois, A. and Ohler, A. 1999. Asian and Oriental toads of the Bufo melanostictus, Bufo scaber and Bufo stejnegeri groups (Amphibia, Anura): a list of available and valid names and description of some name bearing types. Journal of South Asian Natural History 4(2): 133-180.
Dutta, S.K. 1997. Amphibians of India and Sri Lanka. Odyssey Publishing House, Bhubaneswar.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Manamendra-Arachchi, K. and Pethiyagoda, R. 1998. A synopsis of the Sri Lankan Bufonidae (Amphibia: Anura), with description of two new species. Journal of South Asian Natural History: 213-246.
Vasudevan, K., Kumar, A. and Chellam, R. 2001. Structure and composition of rainforest floor amphibian communities in the Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve. Current Science: 406-412.
Yazdani, G.M. and Mahabal, A. 1976. Amphibians of Poona Newl. Zoological Survey of India: 138-139.
|Citation:||Biju, S.D., Dutta, S., Vasudevan, K., Vijayakumar, S.P., Srinivasulu, C. & Dasaramji Buddhe, G. 2004. Duttaphrynus microtympanum (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54710A86445171.Downloaded on 20 July 2018.|
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