Rhinella icterica 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella icterica (Spix, 1824)
Bufo ictericus Spix, 1824
Bufo ictericus Spix, 1824
Rhinella ictericus Spix, 1824

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-11
Assessor(s): Débora Silvano, Norman Scott, Lucy Aquino, Axel Kwet, Diego Baldo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in central, southeastern and southern Brazil; Misiones and Corrientes, northeastern Argentina; and eastern Paraguay at 0-1,200m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Argentina; Brazil; Paraguay
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is common and the population is stable throughout much of its range. There are only two records from Paraguay. It is locally common in Argentina.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in a large diversity of habitats, from forests to open areas such as Cerrado habitat. It breeds in permanent and temporary ponds and streams. It occurs in substantially disturbed habitats.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species; it adapts well to human alteration of habitats and it even occurs in cities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
4. Grassland -> 4.5. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.9. Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Aquino, A.L., Scott, N.J. and Motte, M. 1996. Lista de anfibios y reptiles del Museo de Historia Natural del Paraguay (Marzo, 1980-Septiembre, 1995). In: Romero, O.R. (ed.), Coleccion de Flora y Fauna del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay, pp. 331-400. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay, Asuncion.

Braun, C.A.S. 1978. Levantamento dos anfibios venenosos do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, Parte I. Familia Bufonidae. Iheringia Série Zoologia Porto Alegre: 73-83.

Cei, J.M. 1980. Amphibians of Argentina. Monitore Zoologico Italiano N.S. Monografia.

Cochran, D.M. 1955. Frogs of southeastern Brazil. United States National Museum Bulletin: 1-423.

Dixo, M. and Verdade, V.K. 2006. Herpetofauna de serrapilheira da Reserva Florestal de Morro Grande, Cotia (SP). Biota Neotropica: 1-20.

França e Souza, I., Silva, W.V., Silva, H.L.R. and Silva Jr, N.J. 2001. Geographic distribution. Bufo ictericus. Herpetological Review: 269.

Heyer, W.R., Rand, A.S., Cruz, C.A.G., Peixoto, O.L. and Nelson, C.E. 1990. Frogs of Boracéia. Arquivos de Zoologia: 231-410.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Kwet, A. and Di-Bernardo, M. 1999. Pró-Mata - Anfíbios. Amphibien. Amphibians. EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Lavilla, E.O., Ponssa, M.L., Baldo, D., Basso, N., Bosso, A., Céspedez, J., Chebez, J.C., Faivovich, J., Ferrari, L., Lajmanovich, R., Langone, J.A., Peltzer, P., Úbeda, C., Vaira, M. and Vera Candioti, F. 2000. Categorización de los Anfibios de Argentina. Categorización de los Anfibios y Reptiles de la República Argentina: 11-34.

Lutz, B. 1954. Anfíbios Anuros do Distrito Federal. Memórias do instituto Oswaldo Cruz: 155-197.

Müller, P. 1969. Über den Subspecies-Status südbrasilianischer Bufo ictericus. DATZ: 340-342.

Slade R.W. and Moritz C. 1998. Phylogeography of Bufo marinus from its natural and introduced ranges. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B, Biological Sciences: 769-777.

Citation: Débora Silvano, Norman Scott, Lucy Aquino, Axel Kwet, Diego Baldo. 2010. Rhinella icterica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54668A11184033. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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