Rhinella gallardoi 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella gallardoi
Species Authority: (Carrizo, 1992)
Bufo gallardoi Carrizo, 1992

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Esteban Lavilla
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Restricted to a small portion of the montane forests of northwestern Argentina. Habitat degradation and destruction ongoing.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Jujuy, Ledesma and Calilegua in Argentina from 1,000-1,700m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species, but it is nevertheless recorded on a regular basis.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is restricted to montane forests (Yungas). It occurs on the ground and reproduces in slow-flowing streams where the larvae also develop. Its tolerance to habitat disturbance is not known.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats include selective logging and clear cutting of primary forests, the introduction of predatory fish (trout), and the alteration of watersheds.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Some populations are protected in Parque Nacional Calilegua, which was created to preserve a representative part of the Yungas forest. Strengthened protection of this reserve, and expanded protection of other remaining habitat, is recommended.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Cochran, D.M. 1955. Frogs of southeastern Brazil. United States National Museum Bulletin: 1-423.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Lavilla, E.O. and Cei, J.M. 2001. Amphibians of Argentina. A second update, 1987-2000. Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino (Italia), Torino, Italy.

Lavilla, E.O., Ponssa, M.L., Baldo, D., Basso, N., Bosso, A., Cespedez, J., Chebez, J.C., Faivovich, J., Ferrari, L., Lajmanovich, R., Langone, J.A., Peltzer, P., Ubeda, C., Vaira, M. and Vera Candioti, F. 2000. Categorización de los Anfibios de Argentina. Categorización de los Anfibios y Reptiles de la República Argentina: 11-34.

Vaira, M. 2002. Anurans of a subtropical montane forest in northwestern Argentina: ecological survey and a proposed list of species of conservation concern. Biodiversity and Conservation: 1047-1062.

Citation: Esteban Lavilla. 2004. Rhinella gallardoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54646A11180796. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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