|Scientific Name:||Sclerophrys arabica|
|Species Authority:||(Heyden, 1827)|
Bufo arabicus Heyden, 1827
Bufo hadramautinus (Heyden, 1827)
Bufo viridis ssp. arabicus (Heyden, 1827)
Bufo viridis var. orientalis (Heyden, 1827)
Duttaphrynus arabicus (Heyden, 1827)
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 October 2016). New York, USA Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||According to Stöck et al. (2001), the taxonomy and nomenclature of this species requires additional research, since the specimen considered the “holotype” by Balletto et al. (1985) is not that one described by Heyden (1827). Bufo hadramautinus Cherchi 1963 was synonymized with Bufo arabicus by Schätti and Desvoignes (1999).
This species was under the generic name Duttaphrynus but is now treated under Sclerophrys (Frost 2016).
This is an amended assessment created to account for the change in generic name.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Theodore Papenfuss, Andrew Gardner, Matthias Stöck, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is generally restricted to sites of surface water in widely separated areas of the southern Arabian Peninsula. It is absent from eastern Yemen and southern and central Oman. It is present on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,300 m asl.|
Native:Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is common at water sources.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is an opportunistic species that is present wherever there are water sources available; this includes garden courtyards, oasis, permanent springs, irrigation canals and permanent small rivers. Breeding takes place in stagnant and slow-moving water.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known threats to this species; much of its range is undeveloped.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is present in the Farasan Islands Protected Area, Saudi Arabia.|
Balletto, E., Cherchi, M.A. and Gasperetti, J. 1985. Amphibians of the Arabian Peninsula. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, pp. 318-392.
Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 October 2016). New York, USA Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Schätti, B. and Desvoignes, A. 1999. The Herpetofauna of Southern Yemen and the Sokotra Archipelago. Museum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva.
Schätti, B. and Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia: 348-423.
Stöck, M., Günther, R. and Böhme, W. 2001. Progress towards a taxonomic revision of the Asian Bufo viridis group: Current status of nominal taxa and unsolved problems (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden: 253-319.
|Citation:||Theodore Papenfuss, Andrew Gardner, Matthias Stöck, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin. 2016. Sclerophrys arabica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T54574A107328723.Downloaded on 25 February 2017.|
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