Adenomus kelaartii 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Adenomus kelaartii
Species Authority: (Günther, 1858)
Adenomus badioflavus Cope, 1860

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is a Sri Lankan endemic, and is found over much of the south-west of the island. It has been recorded at elevations between 30 and 1,230m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Sri Lanka
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is fairly common where it occurs.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is normally terrestrial, but also sometimes semi-arboreal, and is associated with hill streams in tropical wet forest. Adults have been observed in rock crevices, leaf-litter and decaying logs, and within tree holes. Larvae are found in permanent pools.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to the species is habitat loss and degradation due to the clearance (clear cutting) of forested areas, agrochemical pollution, and expansion of cardamom plantations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Peak Wilderness Forest Reserve, Sinharaja World Heritage Site, Kanneliya Reserve Forest, Haycock Forest Reserve, Gilimale-Eratne Forest Reserve and Kitulgala Forest Reserve. Continued and improved management of these reserves is recommended.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Dutta, S.K. and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. 1996. The amphibian fauna of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo.

Haas, W., Lehr, E. and Köhler, G. 1997. The tadpoles of Bufo kelaarti Gunther, 1859 from Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus: 2-6.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K. and Pethiyagoda, R. 1998. A synopsis of the Sri Lankan Bufonidae (Amphibia: Anura), with description of two new species. Journal of South Asian Natural History: 213-246.

Citation: Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe. 2004. Adenomus kelaartii. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54459A11135197. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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