|Scientific Name:||Adenomus kelaartii|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1858)|
Adenomus badioflavus Cope, 1860
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is a Sri Lankan endemic, and is found over much of the south-west of the island. It has been recorded at elevations between 30 and 1,230m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is fairly common where it occurs.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is normally terrestrial, but also sometimes semi-arboreal, and is associated with hill streams in tropical wet forest. Adults have been observed in rock crevices, leaf-litter and decaying logs, and within tree holes. Larvae are found in permanent pools.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat to the species is habitat loss and degradation due to the clearance (clear cutting) of forested areas, agrochemical pollution, and expansion of cardamom plantations.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Peak Wilderness Forest Reserve, Sinharaja World Heritage Site, Kanneliya Reserve Forest, Haycock Forest Reserve, Gilimale-Eratne Forest Reserve and Kitulgala Forest Reserve. Continued and improved management of these reserves is recommended.|
Dutta, S.K. and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. 1996. The amphibian fauna of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo.
Haas, W., Lehr, E. and Köhler, G. 1997. The tadpoles of Bufo kelaarti Gunther, 1859 from Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus: 2-6.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Manamendra-Arachchi, K. and Pethiyagoda, R. 1998. A synopsis of the Sri Lankan Bufonidae (Amphibia: Anura), with description of two new species. Journal of South Asian Natural History: 213-246.
|Citation:||Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe. 2004. Adenomus kelaartii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54459A11135197. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54459A11135197.en . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.|