Brachycephalus pernix 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Brachycephalidae

Scientific Name: Brachycephalus pernix
Species Authority: Pombal, Wistuba and Bornschein, 1998

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Débora Silvano, Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been discovered, and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the type locality, Morro Anhangava, in the Serra da Baitaca, and from Morretes, both in Paraná State, Brazil, in Atlantic forest at an altitude of 450m asl. It is likely to occur more widely.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is relatively common within its small, known range.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Males and females have been found on the forest floor or amidst leaf-litter in montane humid forest. Its reproduction is via direct development, with the eggs being laid on the ground.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction is the main threat to this species. The Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil has suffered extensive destruction and degradation due to logging and ongoing large-scale clearance for cattle pasture, and crops such as sugar cane, coffee, and exotic trees, as well as for smallholder agriculture. At certain localities, excessive tourism might also be affecting the populations as visitors trample the habitat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its entire known range has been declared a protected area, but there is no infrastructure in place yet. Additional research actions are also needed to conserve this species (for example, to determine the limits of its range), which is listed as threatened on the Paraná state list of threatened species.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration
4. Education & awareness -> 4.1. Formal education
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.2. National level
6. Livelihood, economic & other incentives -> 6.1. Linked enterprises & livelihood alternatives

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Pombal Jr, J.P., Wistuba, E.M. and Bornschein, M.R. 1998. A new species of Brachycephalid (Anura) from the Atlantic Rain Forest of Brasil. Journal of Herpetology: 70-74.

Citation: Débora Silvano, Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla. 2004. Brachycephalus pernix. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54455A11149530. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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