Chitra indica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Testudines Trionychidae

Scientific Name: Chitra indica
Species Authority: (Gray, 1830)
Common Name(s):
English Indian Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle, Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle
Trionyx indicus Gray, 1830
Taxonomic Notes: Placed by some as a subspecies under C. chitra.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A1cd+2cd ver 2.3
Year Published: 2000
Date Assessed: 2000-06-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Asian Turtle Trade Working Group
Reviewer(s): Buhlmann, K., Rhodin, A. & van Dijk, P.P. (Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Red List Authority)
Considered Critically Endangered in Bangladesh, uncommon (between Endangered and Vulnerable) in India. Disappeared from Indian domestic trade in 1986-87.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Found in the rivers of Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and western Malaysia.
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; India; Myanmar; Pakistan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Spend most of the day submerged in the sandy bottoms of deep rivers. Females lay their eggs on sandy beaches.
Systems: Freshwater

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes

Bibliography [top]

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group and Asian Turtle Trade Working Group. 2000. Changes to 1996 IUCN Red List Status of Asian Turtle Species. In: P.P. van Dijk, B.L. Stuart and A.G.J. Rhodin (eds). Asian Turtle Trade: Proceedings of a Workshop on Conservation and Trade of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Asia, pp.156-164. Chelonian Research Monographs 2. Chelonian Research Foundation, Lunenburg, Massachusetts, USA.

Citation: Asian Turtle Trade Working Group. 2000. Chitra indica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2000: e.T4696A11088615. . Downloaded on 28 November 2015.
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