|Scientific Name:||Chiroderma villosum|
|Species Authority:||Peters, 1860|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
This species is listed as Least Concern as it is widespread and tolerant to a range of habitats, and unlikely to be declining at a rate which would qualify it for inclusion in any of the threat categories.
|Range Description:||Central, and South America. This species occurs from Hidalgo and Veracruz, Mexico south through the Isthmus, over much of northern South America to western and southern Brazil, Bolivia and Peru; also in Trinidad and Tobago (Eisenberg, 1989; Reid, 1997). In Venezuela occurs in lowlands below 600 m (Handley, 1976).|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Widespread, uncommon to locally common. It forages at the canopy level and may be under sampled because of methodological issues (Faria pers. comm.). Not common in Guatemala (Perez pers. comm.)|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Poorly known. In Venezuela, it is strongly associated with moist habitats and multistratal tropical evergreen forest (Handley, 1976); also second growth forest, clearings, and fruit groves (Reid, 1997). Feed on fruits, especially figs and roosts in trees hollows (Emmons and Feer, 1997).|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss, though not a major threat as the species is relatively tolerant to a range of habitats.|
|Conservation Actions:||The species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range.|
Eisenberg, J.F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.
Emmons, L.H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Handley Jr., C. O. 1976. Mammals of the Smithsonian Venezuelan Project. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series 20: 1-91.
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
|Citation:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2008. Chiroderma villosum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 July 2014.|
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