|Scientific Name:||Paretroplus menarambo|
|Species Authority:||Allgayer, 1996|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Stiassny, M.L.J. & Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority)|
Originally this species was endemic to Madagascar and up until recently it was presumed Extinct in the Wild; the last reports of the species had been from Lac Sarodrano, its type, and previously only known, locality dating from the late 1990s (de Rham and Nourissat 2002). Despite targeted surveys, no specimens had been collected from this area since.However, recent survey work in this region has resulted in the discovered of a remnant population of this fish in Lac Tseny. Habitat degradation, the presence of invasive exotic species and overfishing account for its Critically Endangered status. Breeding populations of this species are maintained in captivity.
|Range Description:||Endemic to
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
No data are avialable on the wild population; previously it was thought to have disappeared from its native range, but more recent surveys rediscovered the species in
Tseny. Captive breeding
populations exist in Europe and
|Habitat and Ecology:||A malacophagous biparentally custodial substratum-spawning cichlid with a protracted period of brood care and a highly seasonal reproductive pattern.|
|Use and Trade:||
Formerly this species was an important food fish is
|Major Threat(s):||Historically, over-fishing. Presently, habitat loss due to environmental degradation, and competition from and/or predation by exotic species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently there are no in situ conservation measures in place. However, this species is the subject of a successful ex situ captive breeding program.|
Allegayer, R. 1996. Description d'une espèce nouvelle du genre Paretroplus Bleeker (Teleostei: Cichlidae) de Madagascar. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 159:6-20.
de Rham, P. and Nourissat, J.-C. 2002. Les cichlidés endémiques de Madagascar. Association France Cichlid. Sagrafic, Barcelona, Spain.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Loiselle, P.V. 1996a. The Cichlids of jurassic Park III. Cichlids News 5(1):21-25.
Loiselle, P.V. 1996b. The cichlids of Jurassic Park. IV. Cichlid News 5(2):8-2.
Nourissat, J.-C. 1992. Madagascar 1991. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 118:9-29.
Nourissat, J.-C. 1993. Madagascar 1992. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 129:8-36.
Nourissat, J.-C. 1997. Madagascar 1996. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 174:19-34.
|Citation:||Loiselle, P. 2008. Paretroplus menarambo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 April 2015.|
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