|Scientific Name:||Oxynotus japonicus|
|Species Authority:||Yano & Murofushi, 1985|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kyne, P.M. & Cavanagh, R.D. (Shark Red List Authority)|
A rare deepsea shark, known from only seven specimens, with a limited distribution area in Japan where it has been recorded in 150 to 350 m. Reaches a maximum size of at least 64.5 cm total length (TL), but very little information on biology. Bycatch of bottom trawl fisheries in Suruga Bay and Enshu-nada Sea. At this time the species cannot be assessed beyond Data Deficient. However, given that its entire known geographic and depth range is affected by trawl fisheries, and other deepsea species have exhibited declines in Suruga Bay, the species may be threatened and a revised assessment is necessary when more information is available and/or if fisheries expand in the future and catches of this species increase.
|Range Description:||Limited area (Suruga Bay and Enshu-nada Sea) in Japan.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – northwest
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||All specimens were collected in a depth range of 150 to 350 m by bottom trawl nets. Reaches at least 64.5 cm TL (female). Size at maturity 59 cm TL (females) and 54 cm TL (males). No other information on biology.|
|Major Threat(s):||Bycatch of bottom trawl fisheries in Suruga Bay and Enshu-nada Sea. Bycatch always discarded.|
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. Specialist Group website. Available at: http://www.iucnssg.org/.
Yano, K. and Matsuura, K. 2002. A review of the genus Oxynotus (Squaliformes, Oxynotidae). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series A 28(2): 109–117.
Yano, K. and Murofushi, M. 1985. A new prickly dogfish, Oxynotus japonicus, from Japan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 32: 129–136.
Yano, K., Matsuura, K. and Tsukada, O. 2002. Redescription of the rare squaloid shark Oxynotus japonicus from Suruga Bay and the Enshu-nada Sea, Japan. Species Diversity 7(4): 363–369.
|Citation:||Yano, K. 2004. Oxynotus japonicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 January 2015.|