|Scientific Name:||Centaurium sebaeoides (Griseb.) Druce|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A2a ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Centaurium sebaeoides is endemic to the islands of Kaua'i, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Lana'i, in Hawaii. Eleven subpopulations currently are known. In 1997 there were estimated to be between 6,300 and 6,600 individuals. In 1999 the population had fallen to 60–80 individuals. The cause of this population decline was mainly drought. The current population is threatened by habitat degradation caused by ungulates, competition with alien plants, fires, coastal development, and trampling by humans.
|Range Description:||Centaurium sebaeoides is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.|
Native:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||An annual herb, 6-20 cm tall, occurring in dry shrublands, primarily at coastal sites with coralline or basaltic substrates.|
|Major Threat(s):||Current threats include goats, deer, cattle, invasive plant species and impacts from human activities.|
|Conservation Actions:||Federally and state listed as endangered.|
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 20, 2003).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.
Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Centaurium sebaeoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44136A10863109.Downloaded on 24 September 2018.|
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