|Scientific Name:||Cyanea pinnatifida|
|Species Authority:||(Cham.) E.Wimm.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct in the Wild ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer/s:||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)|
Cyanea pinnatifida was endemic to the island of Oahu, Hawaii. For a number of years, only one plant was known in the wild, growing in a preserve managed by The Nature Conservancy. In 1998 it was seen in flower but seed was never found on this plant. In August 2001 this individual died. Currently, this species is found only at the Harold L. Lyon Arboretum and the National Tropical Botanical Garden, where individuals plants propagated from the now dead wild individual plant are housed.
|Range Description:||Cyanea pinnatifida was endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. It occurred on Oahu.|
Regionally extinct:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Occurred in diverse mesic forest. Steep, shady ravines and wet rocky slopes, with Pipturus and ferns.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats to the species included habitat degradation from feral pigs, impacts from human activities and invasive plant species. Rats, fire and invertebrates were other possible threats.|
|Conservation Actions:||Federally and state listed as endangered.|
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 20, 2003).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Region. 1997. Draft recovery plan for Oahu plants. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon.
Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Cyanea pinnatifida. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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