|Scientific Name:||Astelia waialealae|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. and Lorence, D.H. 2005 onwards. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. Available at: http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered D ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Dickinson, T. (Red List Programme Office)|
Astelia waialealae is endemic to the montane bogs on the central plateau of the island of Kauai in the state of Hawaii. Three subpopulations have been recorded, with probably less than 10 mature individuals. In recent years most of the bogs have been heavily damaged by feral pigs. Alien weeds also pose a threat.
|Range Description:||Found only within the Alakai Swamp area of Kauai. Three subpopulations are known, with a total population of probably less than 10 mature individuals. clones but all but one or two declining rapidly in vigor.|
Native:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A rhizomatous perennial herb of montane bogs set within wet forests in the cloud zone on the central plateau of the island.|
|Major Threat(s):||In recent years most of the bogs have been heavily damaged by feral pigs. Alien weeds also pose a threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||All remaining individuals are within small fenced, weeded, and monitored areas.|
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 17, 2003).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.
Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Astelia waialealae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44079A10849085.Downloaded on 31 August 2016.|