|Scientific Name:||Abutilon sandwicense|
|Species Authority:||(O.Deg.) Christoph.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ac(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer/s:||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Dickinson, T. (Red List Programme Office)|
A. sandwicense is restricted to less than 100 km², and experiences extreme fluctuation in numbers and has a severely fragmented distribution.
|Range Description:||Found in a restricted range of dry slopes of Waianae Mts., Oahu, A. sandwicense is known from 12 subpopulations, totaling 200–300 individuals.|
Native:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A perennial shrub up to 6 m. tall, found on steep slopes in dry forest.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats include grazing from goats and cattle, habitat degradation by feral pigs, competition from aggressive alien plant species, invertebrate predation, and fire. Population fluctuations are also a current threat to this species as well as the potential threat of landslides.|
|Conservation Actions:||Federally and state-listed as an endangered species.|
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 17, 2003).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.
Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Abutilon sandwicense. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 13 December 2013.|
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