|Scientific Name:||Cyanea truncata|
|Species Authority:||(Rock) Rock|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct in the Wild ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.|
|Reviewer/s:||Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Dickinson, T. (Red List Programme Office)|
Previously found on the island of Oahu and Molokai, the last known plants of C. truncata died in the 1980s, but there remains a possibility that additional plants exist. Major threats to the species and its habitat are alien plants and feral pigs.
|Range Description:||Originally this species has been recorded from a few scattered locations along the windward side of the Koolau Mountains, Oahu. C. truncata is now thought to be extinct in the wild.|
Regionally extinct:United States (Hawaiian Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Subtropical/Tropical moist lowland forest.|
|Major Threat(s):||Past threats to C. truncata include pigs, possible rat predation, competition with alien plant species and habitat degradation.|
|Conservation Actions:||Federally and state-listed as an endangered species.|
IUCN. 2003. 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 November 2003.
NatureServe. 2003. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 1.8. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: October 16, 2003).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Rare plant database. Unpublished.
Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer S. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 91: 1-1918.
|Citation:||Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Cyanea truncata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 March 2014.|
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