Pinus armandii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus armandii Franch.
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name(s):
English Armand's Pine
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-01-28
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Despite the threatened status of two of its three varieties, the species as a whole remains Least Concern because these two varieties occupy only tiny sections of the total distribution and population.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Recorded from China (Chongqing, S Gansu, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, extreme SE Xizang  [Tibet]); N Myanmar [Burma];and  Taiwan, Province of China.
Countries occurrence:
China (Chongqing, Gansu, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet [or Xizang], Yunnan); Myanmar; Taiwan, Province of China
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:8400
Lower elevation limit (metres):900
Upper elevation limit (metres):3500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The overall population trend is unknown.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Pinus armandii occurs in mountains at altitudes from 900 m to 3,500 m a.s.l.; usually in association with other conifers and seldom in pure stands. Common conifer genera in these mixed forests are Abies, Picea, Pseudotsuga, and in SW China also Larix. More often than these conifers, the pines tend to occupy rocky areas with thin soils where other trees, among them angiosperms, are less competitive.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):25-30

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This pine is a notable ornamental tree in China and it was introduced to France by Armand David in 1895. It remains an uncommon tree in gardens and parks outside China, but has spread to arboreta in many parts of the world. As a timber tree it is of limited value and exploited only for local use.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Logging for local use could have impacted this common and widespread species. A governmental ban on logging in China probably has little impact, as this is not a commercial timber tree. The threat is therefore thought to be insubstantial.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in some protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing  ♦ severity:Negligible declines  
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

♦  Construction or structural materials
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Establishing ex-situ production *

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK Available at:

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus armandii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42342A2973993. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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