|Scientific Name:||Araucaria montana|
|Species Authority:||Brongn. & Gris|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Farjon, A. & Gardner, M.|
|Contributor(s):||Munzinger, J., Jaffré, T. & Lowry, P.|
This is the most widespread Araucaria on New Caledonia. However, the majority of subpopulations, especially those in the isolated northern ultrabasic massifs and the Canala/Poro have been and will continue to be affected by mining activities. Its current extent of occurrence, the fragmentation of the existing subpopulations, a continuing decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and quality of habitat coupled with a projected 30% decline in total population within the next 100 years (three generations is longer than this) means that it meets the criteria for VU.
|Range Description:||This species is found in scattered subpopulations throughout the main island of New Caledonia. An isolated subpopulation occurs on the Ile d'Art. The species occurs at elevations ranging from 500 to 1,400 m.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Subpopulations may be locally extensive and cover several square kilometers.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
A. montana is widely distributed in dense and low humid forests and in tall maquis minier throughout most of Grand Terre. It usually occurs on plateaus situated below summit ridges in areas that favour the formation of deep ore bodies just above the bedrock.
|Major Threat(s):||Open cast mining, its associated activities and an increase in fire frequencies are the main threats to this species except in locations in the north east where it is unlikely that mining will occur.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently known from only two protected areas (Mt Panie and Mt Do).|
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Jaffré, T., Munzinger, J. and Lowry, P.P. 2010. Threats to the conifer species found on New Caledonia's ultramafic massifs and proposals for urgently needed measures to improve their protection. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1485-1502: DOI 10.1007/s10531-010-9780-6.
Manauté, J., Jaffré, T., Veillon, J.-M. and Kranitz, M. 2003. Revue des Araucariaceae de Nouvelle-Calédonie. IRD, Nouméa.
Mill, R.R. and Farjon, A. In prep. A Monograph of Araucaria. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh.
|Citation:||Thomas, P. 2010. Araucaria montana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 November 2014.|