Araucaria columnaris


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Araucaria columnaris
Species Authority: (J.R.Forst.) Hook.
Common Name(s):
English Cook's Pine, New Caledonia Pine
French Pin colonnaire
Cupressus columnaris J.R.Forst.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-09-22
Assessor(s): Thomas, P.
Reviewer(s): Farjon, A. & Gardner, M.
Contributor(s): Jaffré, T., Lowry, P. & Munzinger, J.
This species is not considered to be threatened due to its wide distribution and the vigorous regeneration in most populations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Restricted to New Caledonia on the Grande Terre (Province Sud), Isle of Pines and the Loyalty Islands.
New Caledonia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Populations may be extensive, with good natural regeneration.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is the only New Caledonian species of Araucaria to occur on calcareous substrate although it is not restricted to these substrates. On the Isle of Pines it is often on coral.  It is frequently planted in other coastal areas of New Caledonia.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No threats have been identified for this species. Changes in sea level may be a problem in the future.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: As this species occurs in close proximity to the coast, and on predominantly calcareous substrate, nickel mining does not present a threat. Trees may be thrown in high storms (typhoons) but regeneration is frequent. The trees also enjoy traditional protection from the Polynesian Kanaks and it is generally prohibited to fell them.

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2001. World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. 2nd edition. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Jaffré, T., Munzinger, J. and Lowry, P.P. 2010. Threats to the conifer species found on New Caledonia's ultramafic massifs and proposals for urgently needed measures to improve their protection. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1485-1502: DOI 10.1007/s10531-010-9780-6.

Mill, R.R. and Farjon, A. In prep. A Monograph of Araucaria. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh.

Citation: Thomas, P. 2010. Araucaria columnaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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