|Scientific Name:||Macrozamia flexuosa C.Moore|
Macrozamia pauli-guilielmi W.Hill & F.Muell. ssp. flexuosa (C.Moore) L.A.S.Johnson
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered A4c ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Donaldson, J.S. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
Classified as Endangered based on ongoing decline that is estimated to exceed 50% over three generations. Would qualify at least as Vulnerable under criterion C1 based on overall population size and continuing decline.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occur in New South Wales, Australia. Subpopulations are found on the southern part of the North Coast and extreme northern Central Coast, from Buladelah to Lake Macquarie.|
Native:Australia (New South Wales)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population is estimated to number between 2,500 and 10,000 mature individuals and declining.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species grows in a range of habitats, including coastal cliffs, open sclerophyll forest and gullies, sometimes in quite shady situations. Soils are mainly shallow clay loams.|
|Generation Length (years):||60|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is affected by over-collecting and land clearance, which may be a cause for concern in the future.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix II of the CITES Appendices. Plants occur in the Wallaroo and Karua Nature reserves and also in the Lake Macquarie State Conservation Area and in the Werakata National Park.|
Donaldson, J.S. (ed.). 2003. Cycads. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Hill, K. and Osborne, R. 2001. Cycads of Australia.
Hill, K.D. and Stevenson, D.W. 1998-2006. The Cycad Pages. Available at: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Jones, D.L. 1993. Cycads of the World. Reed, New Holland, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W., Australia.
Whitelock, L.M. 2002. The Cycads. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
|Citation:||Hill, K.D. 2010. Macrozamia flexuosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41955A10611000.Downloaded on 22 September 2018.|
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