|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos cycadifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.|
Encephalartos eximius I.Verd.
Zamia cycadifolia Jacq.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
Although the species occurs has a relatively small extent of occurrence (290 km²), it is very abundant (more than 20,000 matureplants) and adult plants showed almost no mortality over a ten year period of survey work.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to the Winterberg mountains to the north of Bedford in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Recorded from 1,200 to 1,800 m asl.|
Native:South Africa (Eastern Cape Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are at least six subpopulations and all of these are healthy and viable. Donaldson and co-workers counted/estimated a population size of more than 20,000 plants based on sub-sampling.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species grows in semi-dry grassland areas in shallow shale soils on the northern and eastern slopes of the mountains. E. cycadifolius is adapted to fire.|
|Generation Length (years):||500|
|Major Threat(s):||Baboons and porcupines can sometimes damage cones and newly emerged leaves of this species. Too frequent fires may have an effect on seedlings and juveniles.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices.|
Grobbelaar, N. 2002. CYCADS - with special reference to the southern African species. Privately published by Nat Grobbelaar, Pretoria, South Africa.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Kemp, M. 1991. Focus on Encephalartos cycadifolius. Encephalartos 26: 3-7.
Whitelock, L.M. 2002. The Cycads. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos cycadifolius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41942A10606926.Downloaded on 18 November 2017.|
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