|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos cycadifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.|
Encephalartos eximius I.Verd.
Zamia cycadifolia Jacq.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
Although the species occurs has a relatively small extent of occurrence (290 km²), it is very abundant (more than 20,000 matureplants) and adult plants showed almost no mortality over a ten year period of survey work.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to the Winterberg mountains to the north of Bedford in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Recorded from 1,200 to 1,800 m asl.|
Native:South Africa (Eastern Cape Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are at least six subpopulations and all of these are healthy and viable. Donaldson and co-workers counted/estimated a population size of more than 20,000 plants based on sub-sampling.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species grows in semi-dry grassland areas in shallow shale soils on the northern and eastern slopes of the mountains. E. cycadifolius is adapted to fire.|
|Generation Length (years):||500|
|Major Threat(s):||Baboons and porcupines can sometimes damage cones and newly emerged leaves of this species. Too frequent fires may have an effect on seedlings and juveniles.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices.|
Grobbelaar, N. 2002. CYCADS - with special reference to the southern African species. Privately published by Nat Grobbelaar, Pretoria, South Africa.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Kemp, M. 1991. Focus on Encephalartos cycadifolius. Encephalartos 26: 3-7.
Whitelock, L.M. 2002. The Cycads. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos cycadifolius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41942A10606926.Downloaded on 24 January 2018.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|