|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos bubalinus Melville|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Donaldson, J.S. & Hilton-Taylor, C.|
At present the population appears to be stable. However, African cycads have tended to decline rapidly once they become the targets of collectors. The narrow distribution and small number of locations means that it would qualify for Vulnerable under criteria B1a and C1 if populations started to decline.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occurs in the northern Tanzanian province of Arusha. Populations are found to the West of Lake Natron and south of the town of Loliondo. Recorded from 1,300 to 2,150 m asl.|
Native:Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is very difficult to estimate numbers of plants in the wild due to the inaccessible terrain, but it is estimated that there are in excess of 10,000 plants.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Populations occur in open bushland on quartzite ridges or montane forest with a few scattered trees. The Nguruman hills consist of a series of quartzite hills.|
|Generation Length (years):||70|
|Major Threat(s):||The seeds of this species are eaten during times of famine.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices.|
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Jones, D.L. 2002. Cycads of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Melville, R. 1957. Encephalartos in Central Africa. Kew Bulletin 12: 237-257.
Whitelock, L.M. 2002. The Cycads. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
|Citation:||Bösenberg, J.D. 2010. Encephalartos bubalinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41941A10606598.Downloaded on 19 February 2018.|
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