|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm.|
Encephalartos lanuginosus (Jacq.) Lehm.
Encephalartos mauritianus Miq.
Zamia lanuginosa Jacq.
Zamia longifolia Jacq.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
The population has declined by about 20% in the past three generations. Would qualify as Vulnerable under criterion B1a if there were fewer localities and as VU under criterion C1 if the lower estimate of population numbers is correct. The species is therefore listed as Near Threatened.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is widely distributed in the Eastern Cape from West of Joubertina in the Kouga mountains, along the Suuranys mountains, in the Baviaans Kloof, the Elandsberge, the Zuurberge and then on to near Grahamstown. Large subpopulations occur in the Kouga Mountains, Baviaanskloof, Groot Winterhoek mountains, and the Zuurberg. Recorded from 200 up to 700 m asl.|
Native:South Africa (Eastern Cape Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Occurs in large numbers in some areas.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in a variety of habitats with large differences in soil and climate. In some areas west of Port Elizabeth plants grow in acid sands with fynbos vegetation whereas in the Zuurberg they occur in grasslands. Near Kirkwood and in the Paardepoort plants grow amongst succulent thicket. Thety are also found in dense scleromorphic shrubland on steep rocky slopes|
|Generation Length (years):||70|
|Major Threat(s):||The only real threat to E. longifolius is over-collection due to poaching of plants from the wild.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Populations are protected in the Baviaanskloof Conservation Area, the Groendal Wilderness Area, the Longmore State Forest and in the Addo Elephant Park (Zuurberg area).|
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Kemp, M. 1985. Focus on Encephalartos longifolius. Encephalartos 1: 6-13.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos longifolius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41935A10604478.Downloaded on 23 May 2018.|
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