|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos senticosus Vorster|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2acd; C1 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
Based on repeat photographs, E. senticosus has declined by >30% at least in parts of its range (near Sitegi in Swaziland and Mkuze in South Africa) during the past 60 years. There is evidence of continuing decline which means that it also qualifies as Vulnerable under criterion C1.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occurs from south of the Jozini dam in Northern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa northwards along the Lebombo mountains to just north of Siteki in Swaziland. Plants are also found on the Mozambique side of the border. Recorded from 300 to 800 m asl.|
Native:Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Swaziland
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population is thought to number between 5,000 and 10,000 mature individuals and declining.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found on rocky slopes and forest ravines or on dry exposed cliffs in dry shrubby savanna along the Lebombo range.|
|Generation Length (years):||70|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is primarily threatened due to poaching of plants from the wild.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Populations are found in the Mkuzi Game Reserve and the Pongolapoort Nature Reserve.|
Grobbelaar, N. 2002. CYCADS - with special reference to the southern African species. Privately published by Nat Grobbelaar, Pretoria, South Africa.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and Threatened Plants of KwaZulu-Natal and Neighbouring Regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Services, Pietermaritzburg.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos senticosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41925A10600018.Downloaded on 18 July 2018.|
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