|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos ngoyanus|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A4acd; C1 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
Rare throughout its range and declining in places such as Ngoye forest. Originally estimated to have declined by 30-40% and continuing, and this does not seem to have changed since the last assessment in 2003.
|Range Description:||This species has two distribution areas separated by a distance of about 125 km. It occurs mainly in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa and also in Swaziland and Mozambique. In the south it starts at the Ngoye Forest of central KwaZulu-Natal. Further north the distribution follows the Ubombo mountains from about Mkuze river and then northwards along the Lebombo mountains to where the Usutu river cuts through the mountain range. Occurs from 200 to 600 m asl.|
Native:Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Swaziland
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population size is declining and though to number between 4.300 and 5,000 mature individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in open grassland and on forest margins, often among boulders. Plants are often exposed to veld fires.|
|Major Threat(s):||Overgrazing and veld fires have taken their toll on wild populations and in addition, over zealous collectors have removed thousands of plants.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Populations are found in the following reserves: Hlatikulu Forest Reserve, Ngoye Forest Reserve, Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park, Pongolapoort Nature Reserve and the Lebombo Cliffs (Natural heritage Site).|
Giddy, C. 1990. Focus on Encephalartos ngoyanus. Encephalartos 23: 3-9.
Golding, J. (ed.). 2002. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and Threatened Plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Services, Pietermaritzburg.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos ngoyanus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.|
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