|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos inopinus R.A.Dyer|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) A2acd; B2ab(i,ii,iv,v); C1+2a(i) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
This species has experienced a rapid decline. Helicopter surveys show numbers dropping from 677 in 1992 to 113 in 2001 (83% decline) and to 81 plants in 2004 (further 28%). Stan Rogers (pers. comm.) from the Limpopo Provincial Government reported in 2006 that the species might be extinct in the wild as poaching had continued after 2004.
|Date last seen:||2004|
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is found along the Steelpoort and Olifant rivers and adjacent catchment areas in the Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Recorded between 600 to 800 m asl.|
Possibly extinct:South Africa (Limpopo Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There may be no plants left in the wild, see rationale.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs sparsely, mainly in thick bush on north-facing steep slopes or rocky outcrops. They grow in skeletal soil or no soil, on steep to precipitous slopes in gorges on dolomite. The rainfall ranges from a meagre 375 mm to 750 mm annually. Some plants hang from inaccessible narrow ledges high up in gorges. The vegetation type is referred to as Dolomite Mountain Bushveld.|
|Generation Length (years):||200|
|Major Threat(s):||This species has suffered much from the activities of collectors and in addition, large troops of baboons damage immature cones and this could explain the absence of seedlings.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices.|
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Mucina, L. and Rutherford, M.C. (eds). 2004. Vegetation Map of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland: Shapefiles of basic mapping units. Cape Town, South Africa
Osborne, R. 1992. Focus on Encephalartos inopinus. Encephalartos 31: 4-8.
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos inopinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41890A10570662.Downloaded on 19 November 2017.|
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