|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos hirsutus P.J.H.Hurter|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) A4acd; B2ab(iii,iv,v); C1 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
The original population (at the time of description) was estimated at 400-500 plants. In 2004, only 219 plants were found in two localities as part of helicopter surveys, with most of the plants occurring in one site. Stan Rogers (pers. comm.) from the Limpopo Provincial government reported in 2006 that ground rangers could not locate these plants and that they may also be gone. This has yet to be confirmed. The area of occupancy for the remaining plants was small - estimated to be only about 5 km².
|Date last seen:||2004|
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||E. hirsutus is known from three separate localities in the Soutpansberg region of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Recorded from 800 to 1,000 m asl.|
Possibly extinct:South Africa (Limpopo Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||If still extant, the population is very small, see under rationale.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Plants grow exposed on south-east-facing quartzite cliffs, in moist semi-deciduous mixed scrub. The rainfall is between 350-650 mm per annum. The vegetation type is mainly Mountain Bushveld.|
|Generation Length (years):||70|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is threatened due to over-collecting for ornamental purposes.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Plants occur (or occurred) in the Makuya National Park which forms part of the Kruger National Park.|
Hurter, P.J.H. and Glen, H.F. 1996. Encephalartos hirsutus (Zamiaceae): a newly described species from South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 62(1): 46-48.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos hirsutus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41889A10570208.Downloaded on 19 August 2018.|
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