Macropus eugenii 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Diprotodontia Macropodidae

Scientific Name: Macropus eugenii
Species Authority: (Desmarest, 1817)
Common Name(s):
English Tammar Wallaby, Tamar Wallaby

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Morris, K., Friend, T., Burbidge, A. & van Weenen, J.
Reviewer(s): Lamoreux, J. & Hilton-Taylor, C. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to southern and south-western Australia. It was formerly much more widespread. It is currently known from a number of islands: three islands in the Houtman Abrolhos (West Wallabi, East Wallabi, and North, the last being introduced from one of the Wallabi islands and causing vegetation degradation and erosion), Garden Island (near Perth), Middle and North Twin Peak Islands (Archipelago of the Recherche), and Kangaroo Island. Natural subpopulations remain on the mainland at Tutanning, Boyagin, and Perup Nature Reserves, in Fitzgerald River National Park. It has been translocated to several sites, the majority being successful. These include Batalling, Julimar, and Warup Forests, Nambung National Park, and Avon Valley National Park and the adjacent Paruna Sanctuary. Populations have also been introduced to Greenly (c. 1905) and Boston (1971) Islands from Kangaroo Island. Feral populations of this species exist in New Zealand, including Kauwau Island.
Countries occurrence:
New Zealand
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Historically it was locally very abundant, but it is now much rarer. It is considered common within its limited habitat by Hinds (2008). In south-western Australia ongoing fox control programs and reintroductions have helped the species increase in number recently. It is still abundant on Kangaroo Island (Hinds 2008).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in coastal scrub, heath, dry sclerophyll forest, and mallee woodlands (Hinds 2008). It requires open grassy areas for feeding and low dense vegetation for daytime shelter (Hinds 2008).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species declined due to a combination of land clearing, impacts of settlers' fires, predation by introduced predators (especially cats and foxes), and hunting by early settlers.

There are no current major threats to Macropus eugenii. Predation by foxes is a threat in parts of its range, and fox control is thought essential for survival on the mainland (A. Burbidge pers. comm.). Inappropriate fire regimes may also be a threat in places. On Kangaroo Island, it is considered to be an agricultural pest.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from a number of protected areas. Continued reintroduction programs and fox control programs are important to the conservation of this species. Also important to the species is maintaining an appropriate fire regime within its habitat.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
2. Land/water management -> 2.2. Invasive/problematic species control

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:Yes
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species [ Vulpes vulpes ]
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species [ Felis catus ]
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

Bibliography [top]

Abbott, I. and Burbidge, A.A. 1995. The occurrence of mammal species on the islands of Australia: a summary of existing knowledge. CALMScience 1(3): 259-324.

Hinds, L. A. 2008. Tammar Wallaby, Macropus eugenii. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 330-332. Reed New Holland, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. and Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australasian Marsupial and Monotreme Specialist Group, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.

Poole, W. E., Wood, J. T. and Simms, N. G. 1991. Distribution of the Tammar, Macropus eugenii, and the relationships of populations as determined by cranial morphometrics. Wildlife Research 18: 625-639.

Citation: Morris, K., Friend, T., Burbidge, A. & van Weenen, J. 2008. Macropus eugenii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41512A10483066. . Downloaded on 29 August 2016.
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