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Ochotona rutila

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA LAGOMORPHA OCHOTONIDAE

Scientific Name: Ochotona rutila
Species Authority: (Severtzov, 1873)
Common Name/s:
English Turkestan Red Pika
Taxonomic Notes: There are no recognized subspecies of Ochotona rutila (Hoffmann and Smith 2005). The independent form O. himalaylana was formerly designated a synonym of this species (Smith and Xie 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Smith, A.T. & Boyer, A.F.
Reviewer/s: Johnston, C.H. and Smith, A.T. (Lagomorph Red List Authority)
Justification:
Though Ochotona rutila has a sporadic distribution, it is widespread, there are a few populations where the species is considered common, and there are no known threats to the distribution or abundance of the species (Smith et al. 1990).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Ochotona rutila occurs in isolated ranges in the Pamirs of Tajikistan, and Tien Shan of south-east Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, southeast Kazakhstan (Smith et al. 1990; Hoffmann and Smith 2005), and eastern Xinjiang region of China (Smith and Xie 2008). The species may also occur in northern Afghanistan (Smith et al. 1990).

O. rutila does not usually occur above 3,000 m in elevation (Smith et al. 1990).
Countries:
Native:
China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Despite the discontinuous range of Ochotona rutila, and its rarity in museum collections, there are currently no known threats to abundance or distribution to this species (Smith et al. 1990). O. rutila is considered common in a few localities, including the Great Alma-Ata Lake region in Kazakhstan, and the Iskander-Kul Lake region of Tajikistan (Smith et al. 1990).

Population density of O. rutila is low, with 12-20 individuals per ha, in families composed of an adult pair and their offspring, with population levels remaining constant over time (Smith et al. 1990).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Ochotona rutila prefers to find shelter in large stones within scree and talus habitat (Smith et al. 1990). O. rutila feeds on turf in an area within two meters of the talus habitat, rather than foraging in open meadows away from the talus (Smith et al. 1990). O. rutila is a diurnal species that exhibits more activity at dusk and dawn (Smith et al. 1990).

Female of the species O. rutila typically bear two litters annually averaging 4.2 young, which is a relatively low fecundity rate (Smith et al. 1990). The total length of this species is between 19.6 and 23.0 cm (Smith and Xie 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats to Ochotona rutila have been identified. However, the naturally low population density, low fecundity, and sporadic distribution of the species (Smith et al. 1990) could make O. rutila susceptible to pressures in the future.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are currently in practice for Ochotona rutila, as it is not considered a species under current threat. In China, this species has been regionally Red Listed as Least Concern (Wang and Xie 2004).

Bibliography [top]

Gromov, I. M. and Erbajeva, M. A. 1995. The Mammals of Russia and Adjacent Territories. Russian Academy of Sciences Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Hoffmann, R. S. and Smith, A. T. 2005. Order Lagomorpha. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 185-211. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Smith, A. and Xie, Y. 2008. The Mammals of China. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Smith, A. T., Formozov, N. A., Hoffmann, R. S., Changlin, Z. and Erbajeva, M. A. 1990. The Pikas. In: J. A. Chapman and J. C. Flux (eds), Rabbits, Hares and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, pp. 14-60. The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.

Wang, S. and Xie, Y. 2004. China Species Red List. Vol. 1 Red List. Higher Education Press, Beijing, China.

Citation: Smith, A.T. & Boyer, A.F. 2008. Ochotona rutila. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
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