|Scientific Name:||Melocactus deinacanthus|
|Species Authority:||Buining & Brederoo|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Stuppy, W. & Taylor, N.P. (Cacti & Succulent Plant Red List Authority)|
It seems to be known from only a single roadside site (extent of occurrence and area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 10 km²). Its rarity and vulnerability to commercial exploitation has caused it to be placed on Appendix I of CITES, since June 1992.
|Range Description:||From central-southern Bahia ,where it appears to have a very limited distribution east of the Rio São Francisco and is presently known from only one locality, where it is a co-dominant element of the rupicolous vegetation.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Southern Rio São Francisco caatinga element: on a gneissic inselberg in caatinga east of the Rio São Francisco, 500–540 m.|
|Major Threat(s):||Loss of habitat and impact of collectors.|
|Conservation Actions:||Listed on CITES App. I.|
IUCN. 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 8 October 2002.
Taylor, N.P. 1991. The genus Melocactus in Central and South America. Bradleya 9: 1–80.
Taylor, N.P. and Zappi, D.C. 2004. Cacti of Eastern Brazil. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
|Citation:||Taylor, N.P. 2002. Melocactus deinacanthus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 May 2013.|
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