|Scientific Name:||Neovison macrodon|
|Species Authority:||(Prentis, 1903)|
Mustela macrodon Prentis, 1903
|Taxonomic Notes:||Sea Mink has been regarded as a subspecies of the American Mink Neovison vison, but Mead et al. (2000) and Wozencraft (2005) recognized it as a distinct species. Both are commonly included in Mustela, but were separated into Neovison according to Abramov (2000). Cytogenetic and biochemical data support their placement in the genus Neovison (Wozencraft 2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Helgen, K. & Turvey, S.T.|
Sea Mink is Extinct. It was thought to have survived until about 1894 in New Brunswick (Campbell 1988, Nowak 1999), but it is uncertain whether these animals belonged to this species or to Neovison vison. Mead et al. (2000) substantiated the validity of Sea Mink as a species and estimated the extinction date as about 1860.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Formerly occurred along the coasts of Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland) and in some coastal eastern states of the United States of America (Massachusetts, Maine). The Sea Mink was exterminated, in the late nineteenth century (Mead et al. 2000). Its range seems subsequently to have been occupied by N. vison (Nowak 1999).|
Regionally extinct:Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland I); United States (Maine, Massachusetts)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Atlantic – northwest
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The Sea Mink reportedly made its home among the rocks along the ocean. The diet consisted mainly of fish and probably also included molluscs (Nowak 2005).|
|Use and Trade:||Sea Mink was hunted for its fur.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species was hunted to extinction (apparently for the fur trade).|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation is possible: the species is extinct.|
Abramov, A.V. 2000. A taxonomic review of the genus Mustela (Mammalia, Carnivora). Zoosystematica Rossica 8: 357–364.
Campbell, R. R. 1988. Status of the Sea Mink, Mustela macrodon, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102: 304-306.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Mead, J.I., Spiess, A.E. and Sobolik, K.D. 2000. Skeleton of extinct North American Sea Mink (Mustela macrodon). Quaternary Research 53: 247-262.
Nowak, R.M. 2005. Walker’s Carnivores of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.
Nowak, R.M. (ed.) 1999. Walkers Mammals of the World. Sixth edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
Wozencraft, W.C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
|Citation:||Helgen, K. & Turvey, S.T. 2016. Neovison macrodon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T40784A45204492.Downloaded on 20 January 2017.|
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