Semnopithecus dussumieri 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Cercopithecidae

Scientific Name: Semnopithecus dussumieri I. Geoffroy, 1843
Common Name(s):
English Southern Plains Gray Langur, Dussumier's Malabar Langur, Dussumier’s Sacred Langur
Semnopithecus achates (Pocock, 1928)
Semnopithecus anchises (Blyth, 1844)
Semnopithecus elissa (Pocock, 1928)
Semnopithecus entellus (I. Geoffroy, 1843) ssp. dussumieri
Semnopithecus iulus (Pocock, 1928)
Semnopithecus priamellus (Pocock, 1928)
Taxonomic Notes: This taxon was formerly considered a subspecies of Semnopithecus entellus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Groves, C.P. & Chhangani, A.
Reviewer(s): Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Listed as Least Concern as the species has a wide distribution, is common, and there are no major threats resulting in a significant population decline.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in southwestern and west-central India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharshtra, Goa, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh). It is found from the Godavari east to Diguvamatta and south through the foothills of the Nilgiri and other hill systems to Shernelly, but not including the enclave where S. hypoleucos is found (Groves 2001). The distribution of this species is very wide, with large subpopulations.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):100
Upper elevation limit (metres):1700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Total population size is unknown, but likely runs into several hundred thousands. Current decline is not known (Molur et al. 2003). There seems to be a high fluctuation in the population in Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (A. Chhangani pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species ranges from 100-1,700 m in tropical rainforest, dry deciduous forest, sacred groves, moist deciduous forest, gardens, riparian forest, and open scrub, and is commensal in many places (Molur, et al. 2003). It is well adapted to cultivated areas, and provisioning (Molur et al. 2003). It is arboreal, semi-terrestrial, primarily folivorous, and diurnal (Molur et al. 2003). Group size varies from 15 to 150 (A. Chhangani and M. Singh pers. comm.).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are identified for this species. In some areas there are serious local threats such as road kills, predation and domestic animal diseases, like mange, in commensal areas. Some areas in the Aravalis are under threat from mining (A. Chhangani pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on CITES Appendix I, and Schedule II, Part II, Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 amended up to 2002 (Molur et al. 2003). Further studies are needed in the taxonomy of this species.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No
2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable  major importance:No
3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Groves C. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Molur, S., Brandon-Jones, D., Dittus, W., Eudey, A., Kumar, A., Singh, M., Feeroz, M. M., Chalise, M., Priya, P. and Walker, S. 2003. Status of South Asian Primates: Conservation Assessment and Managment Plan Report. Workshop Report, 2003. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.

Citation: Groves, C.P. & Chhangani, A. 2008. Semnopithecus dussumieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T39835A10274796. . Downloaded on 27 May 2018.
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