|Scientific Name:||Pseudochazara euxina|
|Species Authority:||(Kuznetsov, 1909)|
Satyrus euxina Kusnetsov, 1909
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.|
|Reviewer(s):||Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)|
A very local and endemic species, restricted to fewer than five locations. The population is reported in decline (Van Swaay & Warren, 1999: 15-25% decline in 25 years). Therefore it is listed as Endangered. This species is absent from the EU state members and is therefore assessed as Not Evaluated at the EU27 level.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to the Crimea, Ukraine. The extent of occurrence (EOO) is smaller than 5,000 km². This is a European endemic species.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||A local species, restricted to (semi-) natural areas. Declines in distribution or population size of 6-30% have been reported (data provided by the national partners of Butterfly Conservation Europe).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This butterfly occurs in Ukraine on the Crimean mountain steppes and in pine forest on a limestone mountain area covered by grassland. The foodplant is Stipa pennata. Habitats: alpine and subalpine grasslands (50%), inland cliffs and exposed rocks (50%).|
|Use and Trade:||All butterflies are collected to some extent, but only for the extremely rare species it can be a problem and the trade in Europe is generally at a low level compared to other continents. There is no specific trade information for this species.|
|Major Threat(s):||Populations are reported to be threatened by tourist activities and fires.|
|Conservation Actions:||More research is needed on the distribution and ecology of the species. Suitable habitats should be protected and appropriately managed. The effects of conservation actions should be monitored by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. In Ukraine the type-locality is under protection in the Ialta state reserve.|
Budashkin, J.I.; Ivanov, S.P. 2005. Pseudochazara euxina (Lepidoptera, Satyridae) - New data on distribution and bionomics of Pseudochazara euxina (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). Vestnik Zoologii 39(4): 79-83.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.1). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 March 2010).
Van Swaay, C.A.M. and Warren, M.S. 1999. Red Data Book of European Butterflies (Rhopalocera). Nature and Environment, No. 99, Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg.
|Citation:||van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J. 2010. Pseudochazara euxina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 December 2014.|