Ceratotherium simum ssp. simum 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae

Scientific Name: Ceratotherium simum ssp. simum
Species Authority: (Burchell, 1817)
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Southern White Rhino, Southern White Rhinoceros, Southern Square-lipped Rhinoceros
French Rhinocéros Blanc De Sud

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-08-05
Assessor(s): Emslie, R.
Reviewer(s): Knight, M.H. & Adcock , K.
The reason for rating this species as Near Threatened and not Least Concern is due to the continued and escalating poaching in recent years and the high illegal demand for horn (as determined from intelligence gathering by wildlife investigators and increased black market prices and increased poaching and theft of horn). Current successful protection efforts have depended on significant range state expenditure and effort and if these were to decline (especially in South Africa) rampant poaching could seriously threaten numbers (well in excess of 30% over three generations). Declining state budgets for conservation in real terms, declining capacity in some areas and increasing involvement of SE Asians in Africa are all of concern. Poaching levels have also increased in South Africa and Zimbabwe with increasing involvement of organised criminal networks. In the absence of conservation measures, within five years the species would quickly meet the threshold for C1 under Vulnerable, and potentially also criterion A3 if poaching were to take off.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Near Threatened (NT)
2003 Near Threatened (NT)
2002 Near Threatened (NT)
2000 Lower Risk/conservation dependent (LR/cd)

Geographic Range [top]

Countries occurrence:
Botswana; Kenya; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Current Population Trend:Increasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Citation: Emslie, R. 2011. Ceratotherium simum ssp. simum. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T39317A10197219. . Downloaded on 02 December 2015.
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