Phoxinellus alepidotus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phoxinellus alepidotus
Species Authority: Heckel, 1843
Paraphoxinus alepidotus (Heckel, 1843)
Taxonomic Notes: Following Eschmeyer (2004) Paraphoxinus alepidotus was transferred to Phoxinellus alepidotus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,iv) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Mrakovcic, M. & Freyhof, J. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
P. alepidotus is found at three, possibly four locations (Cetina river basin and to the Livanjsko, Glamocko, and Grahovo Polje karsts), with a continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO) due to water extraction, in habitat quality due to agricultural pollution and introduced species, and a decline in the number of subpopulations as the subpopulation in the Cetina river basin is thought to be now extinct.
1996 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is known only from the Cetina river basin and to the Livanjsko, Glamocko, and Grahovo Polje karsts in Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. It is possibly absent in the Cetina river basin (Mrakovcic, M. pers comm).
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Declining (Mrakovcic, M. pers comm)
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in streams in the karst region.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water extraction, drought, water pollution (fertilizers and pesticides from intensive agriculture), dam construction and introduced fish species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

Maric, D. 1990. Reproduction of Phoxinellus alepidotus Heckel, 1843 from the underground stream Korana, near Bosansko Grahovo. [In Serbian-Croatian]. Glas. Republ. Zavoda Zast. Prirode Prirodnjackog Muszeja Titograd 23: 75–84.

Zupancic, P. and Bogutskaya, N.G. 2000. Description of a new species, Phoxinellus dalmaticus (Cyprinidae: Leuciscinae), from the Cikola river in the Krka river system, Adriatic basin (Croatia). Nat. Croat. 9: 67–81.

Zupancic, P. and Bogutskaya, N.G. 2002. Description of two new species, Phoxinellus krbavensis and P. jadovensis, re-description of P. fontinalis Karaman, 1972 and discussion of the distribution of Phoxinellus species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Nat. Croat. 11: 411–437.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Phoxinellus alepidotus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 27 August 2015.
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