Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies sachalinensis var. gracilis
Species Authority: (Kom.) Farjon
Parent Species:
Abies gracilis Kom.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: This taxon's status as a species is uncertain; it is also uncertain if the single known population is the result of introduction rather than a natural occurrence. 

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-12-17
Assessor(s): Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.
Doubts about this taxon's taxonomic status and the provenance of its single known population lead to an assessment of Data Deficient until more information becomes available.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2000 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Supposedly endemic to the Russian Far East: Kamchatka (Kronotzky Bay) [possibly introduced]. Occurs as an isolated 'grove' in an area of about 20 ha in the coastal lowland in the SE part of the Kamchatka peninsula. The locality seems at odds with what is known about the biogeography of he species and is either an introduction or a Tertiary relict.
Countries occurrence:
Present - origin uncertain:
Russian Federation (Kamchatka)
Number of Locations:1
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The natural status of this population is disputed. There is a small isolated grove of about 30,000 trees.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Occurs as a small, isolated 'grove' inthe  coastal lowland in the SE part of the peninsula of Kamchatka.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: No uses are recorded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific threats have been identified.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This population (if it is that) occurs within the boundaries of Kronotsky National Park. A scientific assessment addressing its indigenity is urgently needed, because its locality seems totally at odds with what is known of the biogeography of its nearest relatives (Sect. Balsamea) in the genus Abies.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Percentage of population protected by PAs (0-100):91-100
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008) In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK. Available at:

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Citation: Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D. 2013. Abies sachalinensis var. gracilis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T34129A2847311. . Downloaded on 05 October 2015.
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