Melicope mucronulata 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Sapindales Rutaceae

Scientific Name: Melicope mucronulata
Species Authority: (St. John) T.G. Hartley & B.C. Stone

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1+2c, C2b, D ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Endangered (E)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Known from the southern slope of Haleakala on East Maui, and from Kupaia Gulch on Molokai.
Countries occurrence:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: On East Maui, the species is kKnown from three collections taken in 1920. On Molokai, it is known from a single collection taken in 1985. The Maui population is likely to be extinct. The population on Molokai consists of just three individuals.
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A small tree of dryland forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Goats are evidently browsing the trees and there is an immediate threat of invasion by molasses grass.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed in the annex of the US Endangered Species Act.

Classifications [top]

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Melinis minutiflora)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.3. Indirect species effects -> 2.3.2. Competition

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Capra hircus)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

Bibliography [top]

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1997. Recovery Plan for the Maui Plant Cluster. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon.

Wagner, W., Herbst, D. and Sohmer, S. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu.

Citation: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. Melicope mucronulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T33672A9801758. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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