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Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica 

Scope:Global
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica
Species Authority: Coode & Cullen
Parent Species:
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-05-09
Assessor(s): Gardner, M. & Knees, S.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Justification:
Abies cilicica subsp. isaurica  has a limited distribution in the eastern Taurus Mountains with an estimated area of occupancy of 850 km2. This is within the 2,000 km2 threshold for Vulnerable under criterion B2.  It has a single location in the Isaurian Mountains where much of the forest is in a degraded state due to a number of causes including the effects of climate change, pathogen attack and fire. It has therefore been assessed as being Vulnerable under B2ab(ii,iii,v).
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1998 Not Threatened (nt)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This taxon is endemic to southwest Turkey where it occurs in the provinces of Antalya and Konya in the Isaurian Taurus. It is estimated that this subspecies occupies ca. 25% of the total range of  Abies cilicica in Turkey and therefore the area of occupancy is estimated to be ca. 850 km2
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Turkey
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 850
Number of Locations: 1
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1000
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: May form pure stands.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Abies cilicica subsp isaurica has an altitudinal range of 1,000- 2,000 m.s.l. (Davis 1965). It can form pure forests, but it mainly occurs in mixed forests, mostly with Cedrus libani and in assocaition with Juniperus excelsa, J. oxycedrus, Populus tremula and Quercus libani. It favours calcareous substrates which are shallow, rocky and well drained.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The timber is used locally for construction.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is an increasing threat to the forests caused by over-grazing of feral goats. They are particularly destructive as they damage seedlings and young shoots and areas where they have grazed cannot easily regenerate (McGinley 2008). Fires and pathogen attacks are also serious threats. The increase of tourists is also increasing the risk of fire. There have also been reports of sudden mortality in A. cilicica subsp. isaurica (Carus 2010) and a decline in the health of forests due to increased summer temperatures and reduced precipitation that have been attributed to global warming (Ozturk pers. obs. 2010).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected within the Kӧprϋlϋ Canyon National Park.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
  Invasive species control or prevention:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.3. Tourism & recreation areas
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.1. Nomadic grazing
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.1. Increase in fire frequency/intensity
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.2. Droughts
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

2. Conservation Planning -> 2.2. Area-based Management Plan
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

♦  Construction or structural materials
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Atalay, I. and Efe R. 2010. Structural and distributional evaluation of forest ecosystems in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 61-70.

Bozkus, F. 1988. The Natural Distribution and Silvicultural Characteristics of Abies cilicica Carr. in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Istanbul University.

Browicz, K. 1982. Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsawa.

Carus, S. 2010. Pre-growth mortality of Abies cilicica trees and mortality models performance. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 363-368.

Davis, P.H., Cullen, J., Coode, M.J.E. and Hedge, I.C. 1965. Materials for the Flora of Turkey: X. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 26(2): 165-167.

Davis, P.H. (ed). 1965-1985. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Kaya, Z. and Raynal, D.J. 2001. Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forests. Biological Conservation 97: 131-141.

Ozturk, M., Gucel, S., Kucuk, M. and Sakcali, S. 2010. Forest diversity, climate change and forest fires in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 1-9.


Citation: Gardner, M. & Knees, S. 2013. Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T33002A2829405. . Downloaded on 10 February 2016.
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