|Scientific Name:||Toussaintia orientalis Verdc.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Eastern Arc Mountains & Coastal Forests CEPF Plant Assessment Project|
|Reviewer(s):||Beentje, H., Gereau, R., Kabuye, C., Kalema, J., Luke, Q., Lyaruu, H., Maunder, M., Mwachala, G., Ndangalasi, H., Njau, F. & Schatz, G. (East African Plants Red List Authority)|
This species has an extent of occurrence of only about 540 km², is severely fragmented and there is continuing decline because of forest loss and deterioration. It has probably gone extinct in Kenya and may have been lost from places in Tanzania because of human activities.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Known only from one location in Kenya (Mangea), now probably destroyed. In Tanzania, known from several localities along the coast and further inland. The Pugu subpopulation could be severely reduced.|
Native:Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In Mangea was only known from one plant, but at some sites in Tanzania, it is abundant.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A straggling small tree or shrub found in dry evergreen lowland forest and also dry bushland.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Major Threat(s):||At Mangea most if not all of the forest has gone as a result of agricultural expansion, at Ifakara there is also intensive agriculture so that locality has probably also gone. Pugu Forest Reserve has also been badly impacted by human activities. Other forest reserves where it occurs are better protected.|
|Conservation Actions:||Recorded from Saadani National Park (Zaraninge Forest), Banda and Kichi Hills Forest Reserves.|
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
Verdcourt, B. 1971. Annonaceae. In: C.E. Milne-Redhead and R.M. Polhill (eds), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, London.
|Citation:||Eastern Arc Mountains & Coastal Forests CEPF Plant Assessment Project. 2009. Toussaintia orientalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T32860A9729455.Downloaded on 14 August 2018.|
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