Dalbergia melanoxylon


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Dalbergia melanoxylon
Species Authority: Guill. & Perr.
Common Name(s):
English African Blackwood, Mozambique Ebony

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Lower Risk/near threatened ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Found in at least 26 sub-Saharan countries.
Angola (Angola); Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia (Caprivi Strip); Nigeria; Senegal; South Africa (Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga); South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: As a species there is no imminent threat of extinction.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in a range of woodland habitats.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its timber, mpingo, is widely used in the wood carving industry and in musical instrument manufacture. Levels of exploitation are very high and larger or suitably exploitable individuals are becoming increasingly scarce. There is cause for concern over genetic erosion in many populations.

Bibliography [top]

Beentje, H.J. 1994. Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

Berhaut, J. 1971. Flore Illustrée du Sénégal. Ministère du Développement Rural, Gouvernement du Sénégal.

Chudnoff, M. 1984. Tropical Timbers of the World. Forest Products Laboratory Madison, United States Department of Agriculture, Wisconsin.

Gelderblom, C. 1994. Letter to Dr Kerry Walter concerning lists of threatened plants in Southern Africa dated 7 March 1994.

Global Tree Specialist Group. For more information, see the Specialist Group website

Hilton-Taylor, C. (compiler) 1998. Assessment of Southern African Trees for WCMC.

Katende, A.B. 1995. Annotations to: WCMC printout of Trees of Uganda dated 23 Nov. 1995.

Lock, J.M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. Royal Botanic Gardens, International Legume Database and Information Service, Kew.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Timberlake, J.R. 1995. Annotations to WCMC printout entitled, Conservation status listing for Zimbabwe.

Citation: World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Dalbergia melanoxylon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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