Franklinia alatamaha


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Franklinia alatamaha
Species Authority: Bartr. ex Marsh.
Common Name(s):
English Franklin Tree

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct in the Wild ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): World Conservation Monitoring Centre
1997 Endangered (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Originally occurring along the banks of Alatahama River in McIntosh County on the Coastal Plain of Georgia, the only known colony occurred in acidic bogs at the heads of sand-hill branches and was thought to have been brought to extinction largely through overcollection by nurserymen.
Regionally extinct:
United States (Georgia)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species has not been seen in the wild since 1803. Numerous expeditions to relocate the plant in the wild have failed. It is now a popular garden plant.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A multi-stemmed shrub or small tree.
Systems: Terrestrial

Bibliography [top]

Center for Plant Conservation (CPC). 1990. Printout of CPC's data for North American plants.

Lucas, G.L.l. and Synge, H. (compilers). 1978. The IUCN Plant Red Data Book. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Spongberg, S.A. 1997. Franklinia alatamaha Marshall. Extinct in the wild: an early example. Broadleaves (Newsletter of the IUCN-SSC Temperate Broadleaved Trees Specialist Group) 5:7-9.

Citation: World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Franklinia alatamaha. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
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