|Scientific Name:||Albizia suluensis Gerstner|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v); C2a(ii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Scott-Shaw, C.R., Victor, J.E., von Staden, L. & van Wyk, A.E.|
Trees occur as one large continuous subpopulation (extent of occurrence (EOO) is 330-400 km²), but there are two locations: the portion of the subpopulation that is protected inside the Hluhluwe Game Reserve, and the trees in forest patches outside the reserve, that are all impacted on by harvesting for firewood, building materials and medicine. Population estimated to be 1,000-2,500 mature individuals and is declining. It is listed as Endangered.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to South Africa, occurring in KwaZulu-Natal from Hlabisa to Hluhluwe.|
Native:South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||All the trees in the various forest patches are considered to be a single subpopulation, as these areas are interconnected and gene flow by means of pollination and seed dispersal is possible. There are two locations: the portion of the population that is protected inside the reserve, and the trees in forest patches outside the reserve, that are all impacted on by harvesting for firewood, building materials and medicine (C.R. Scott-Shaw pers. comm. 2007). The remaining population is estimated to number between 1,000 and 2,500 mature individuals, and severe declines have been observed through monitoring.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A tree found in scarp forest, riverine thicket and open woodland, often along streams, usually along the upper altitudinal perimeter and on steep slopes.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||The bark is harvested for medicinal use.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species occurs in a densely populated rural area, where dependence on natural resources is high. Trees are harvested outside the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve for firewood and building materials, and the forests are also being cleared for subsistence farming (C.R. Scott-Shaw pers. comm.). According to Gerstner (1947), the bark is harvested for medicinal use. Much of the area is also heavily invaded by Chromolaena.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species occurs within the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game Reserve. Assessed as 'V' in 1996 (Hilton-Taylor 1996), 'VU' (A1c, B1B2abcde, C1C2a, D1D2) in 1999 (Scott-Shaw 1999) and 'EN' (B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v); C2a(ii)) in 2009 (Raimondo et al. 2009).|
Gerstner, J. 1947. Albizia suluensis. Journal of South African Botany 13: 62-64.
Hilton-Taylor, C. (ed.). 1996. Red Data List of Southern African Plants. Strelitzia 4. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2014).
Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. (eds). 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Scott-Shaw, C.R., Victor, J.E., von Staden, L. and van Wyk, A.E. 2011. Albizia suluensis Gerstner.National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2011.1. Available at: Accessed on 2012/02/10.
|Citation:||Scott-Shaw, C.R., Victor, J.E., von Staden, L. & van Wyk, A.E. 2014. Albizia suluensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T30340A47609023.Downloaded on 20 June 2018.|
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