Luciobarbus comizo


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Luciobarbus comizo
Species Authority: (Steindachner, 1864)
Common Name(s):
English Iberian Barbel
Barbus comizo Steindachner, 1864

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2ce ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Carmona, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
It is estimated that B. comizo has undergone a population decline of at least 30% in the past 10 years due to water extraction, pollution and introduced taxa (Crivelli, A. pers comm.) this has led to a continuous decline in numbers and in area of occupancy.
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to the Tagus and Guadiana river basins in Spain and Portugal.
Portugal; Spain
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Not very abundant.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It prefers the middle and lower reaches of rivers, in deep and slow waters with abundant submerged vegetation. It occurs also in reservoirs. It is a large size barbel (>500mm).
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water pollution and extraction, habitat destruction and introduction of exotic fish predators.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Listed in Annexes II and V of the European Union Habitats Directive, and in the Appendix III of Bern Convention.

Bibliography [top]

Almaça, C. and Banarescu, P.M. 2003. Barbus comizo Steindachner, 1865. In: P.M. Banarescu & N.G. Bogutskaya (eds). The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Wiesbaden, Germany Aula-Verlag 5/II: 173–180.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Doadrio, I. 1998. Threatened fishes of the world: Barbus comiza Steindachner, 1865 (Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 51: 52.

Doadrio, I. 2001. Atlas y libro rojo de los peces continentale de Espana. Madrid MMA, CSIC.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Luciobarbus comizo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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